1. TERRORISM PRACTISED BY ALBANIAN
SEPARATISTS IN KOSOVO AND
The international forums, many political factors and the
media in particular have been dealing with the situation in Kosovo and
Metohija for a long time now, though one-sidedly and mostly unobjectively.
The information about the long-standing strained relations between the
authorities and the Albanian national minority and the difficult
functioning of the government agencies and institutions in the southern
autonomous province of the Yugoslav Republic of Serbia, prevails with the
general public of many countries.
Some political parties of the Albanian national minority
are systematically bringing up the thesis that the elementary human and
minority rights of the Albanians in Kosovo and Metohija are threatened and
that their further existence in Serbia and Yugoslavia is impossible.
Thereby they are trying to justify their ultimate goal: the establishment
of an "independent Kosovo" and its secession from its parent country, by
having the international borders altered. The Albanian extremists have
opted for terrorism, which is regarded as a general evil in the scope of
international relations. Terrorism and major crime on a European scale
have joined forces. The Republic of Albania has become in the meanwhile
not only a logistic support base, but also the political and military
sponsor of the Albanian terrorists, with all ensuing far-reaching
Such a radical separatist, essentially greater Albanian
programme - the advocates of which want to have it implemented at any cost
- aroused quite justifiably the concern of the regional and international
factors over the threat posed to general peace and stability as the
highest values of the modern world.
The FR of Yugoslavia appreciates the concern shown by the
international forums and organisations over the current developments in
Kosovo and Metohija and takes the principled position that their interest
in quick and lasting peaceable settlement of the current situation is well
intentioned. It is prepared for a dialogue and co-operation with all
international factors, on the condition that pressures and imposed
solutions are excluded.
The government agencies of the Republic of Serbia and the
FR of Yugoslavia are committed to a political resolution of the problems
existing in Kosovo and Metohija on the basis of democratic mechanisms, a
direct unconditional dialogue concerning essential issues relating to
confidence-building measures and concrete ways of establishing the local
government, including the forms of autonomy, with due observance of the
territorial integrity and sovereignty of Serbia and the FR of Yugoslavia,
equality of all citizens, members of the national minorities and ethnic
groups and adherence to the highest human rights standards.
The biggest obstacle to the settlement of the current
situation is the refusal of the Albanian political structures to accept
the offered continuation of dialogue, which was discontinued by their own
decision precisely. That led to a stepped up terrorist activity of the
Albanian separatists, including the gravest forms of provocation aimed
against the authorities, various forms of intimidation and assault on
civilians, kidnapping, driving out the entire population of various
settlements, and destruction of infrastructure and public and private
property. In the last two months, the terrorists have executed about 40 of
their compatriots in public and kidnapped hundreds of Serbian civilians.
Members of the security forces and the Yugoslav Army are being killed
every day by terrorist snipers, as well as by the landmines and other
lethal devices planted by terrorists.
The number of grave incidents on the Yugoslav-Albanian
border is growing at the same time because of the many attempts made by
terrorist groups to cross the border from the territory of the Republic of
Albania, which is doing nothing towards preventing them from doing so.
Moreover, according to a report of the UN Special Mission, of the 650,000
pieces of fire arms, 20,000 tonnes of explosives and 1.5 billion
cartridges pilfered from the Albanian military storage facilities during
the upheavals in 1997, 25-30% have been transferred to Kosovo and
Albania has assumed the role of a spokesman for and
protector of terrorists in the international public and world political
forums, including the UN, OSCE, Council of Europe, etc., acting absolutely
contrary to international norms, duties and liability of sovereign states
for peace and stability. Such conduct shown by the Republic of Albania is
tantamount in every respect to interference in the internal affairs of the
FR of Yugoslavia.
The responsibility of the Republic of Albania for the
escalation of the Albanian extremists' terrorist activity in Kosovo and
Metohija is documented in this publication exhaustively. Such
responsibility cannot be lessened by claims to the effect that Albania is
a country with an insufficiently consolidated internal structure, which is
unable to keep its borders under control because it has still not
recovered from the upheavals it experienced in 1997. Such pseudo-arguments
only cloud the fundamental principle that sovereign states are
personalities in international law and answerable for the acts committed
by their agencies and those committed from their respective territories
against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of other states.
The FR of Yugoslavia, therefore, demands that the
Republic of Albania performs its duties, consistently and without any
delay, involving the observance of the inviolability of the Yugoslav state
frontiers and curbing the terrorist activity of the Albanian extremists in
Kosovo and Metohija. The Albanian state and political leadership are
patronising them and giving them financial, logistic and armament support.
Albania is the only country in the world which has recognised the
so-called "Republic of Kosovo", in addition to maintaining the "mission"
of the latter in Tiranė. This publication also includes some other facts
that are ignored or maliciously construed in a part of the international
public, particularly in the course of the overheated media campaigns. For
instance, the criminal acts committed by Albanian terrorists in Kosovo and
Metohija are not referred to as acts of terrorism. Instead of that,
reference is being made "guerrilla warfare", "resistance movement", etc.
The use of such euphemisms is a dangerous concession to extremists and it
has helped the terrorist activity a lot in acquiring its present
proportions. This publication includes, in the form of a preliminary
explanation, expert views of the notion of terrorism and international
conventions relating to it.
Experience has shown so far that any yielding to
terrorism is extremely dangerous for the entire international community
and that its curbing is a common interest and task of all countries of the
world. In wishing to contribute to the curbing of that general evil, the
FR of Yugoslavia is open to co-operation with all countries and
international organisations, and in its own territory, it will effectively
stand up to any form of terrorism aimed against its sovereignty,
territorial integrity and equality and well-being of all of its citizens.
rocket launcher seized from the Albanian
terrorists in one of the
Terrorist activity is not and cannot be a form of
struggle for human rights and national identity. The aspirations of
the Albanian separatists make up a political anachronism with
totalitarian and fascistic characteristics, including an ethnically
homogenous "Greater Albania", seclusion from neighbouring cultures
and peoples, nationalist indoctrination and presentation of the
thesis about a clash between entire nations. The systematic
boycotting and negation of the state whose citizens they are and of
its legitimate institutions, is a part of their political project.
Although their chief complaint is that the "human rights of the
Albanians are being systematically violated in Yugoslavia", they
never accepted to have that issue settled in the assembly
(parliament) or by using other facilities provided by the
constitutions of the Republic of Serbia and the FR of Yugoslavia
(existence of an autonomous province, guaranteed human and minority
rights, etc.). It is clear that the Albanian separatists are also
grossly manipulating the delicate and important issue of human
rights, as well as their own compatriots.
The FR of Yugoslavia is consistently advocating the
highest values of a democratic and pluralistic society, multiethnic
tolerance and protection of national minorities up to highest standards,
openness to co-operation and rapprochement of the peoples and states of
the region and transparency of political practices. In standing up to
terrorism with all means available to a state in which the rule of law
exists, the FR of Yugoslavia is also helping the Albanian national
minority to stand up to separatists and terrorists and have them involved
on a large scale and on equal footing in the political life of the country
whose citizens they are. In that way, it is offering a democratic way out
of the present difficulties, with full observance of the ethnic and
personal dignity of all members of the Albanian national minority, as well
as of all other citizens of the FR of Yugoslavia, regardless of their
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is doing its utmost
towards having the situation in Kosovo and Metohija normalised, taking
into account its own interests and those of all other countries of the
region. That is why it is rightfully expecting of the international
factors and all countries to prevent from happening anything that could
stand in the way of normalisation and in particular, to properly appraise
and condemn terrorism and separatism, all those who are declaring them as
their programme and goals, as well as those who are assisting them to that
end. It is demanding in particular that the Republic of Albania adjust its
conduct to international norms and commitments in international relations.